10 serious facts about weight loss problem in world

Obesity in Europe has reached pandemic scale. Only in the last two decades the incidence of obesity doubled and if you do not take concrete measures to 2010. in the European region, the World Health Organization will be 150 million adults obese people (20% of the total population) and 15 million fat in children and adolescents (10% of the total population). 

Today, in most countries between 30% and 80% of adults suffer from excessive body weight. There are significant differences between regions and social groups, men and women and age groups. However we can say that the incidence of obesity is increasing in the region. 

Obesity is primarily a threat to children 
Over weight is the most common disorder in childhood in the European region. Today, approximately 20% of children suffer from excess pounds, the third fat. Every tenth child will be fat by 2010. The children are at greater risk to obole of type 2 diabetes, have elevated blood pressure, sleep problems and various psychosocial problems. The most worrying fact that fat children remain fat when get adult and tend to get sick of serious diseases, which result in deterioration of the quality and the reduction of life expectancy. For the health sector in the UK is predicted that life expectancy for men to be, on average, less for five years, to 2050. year, if the current trend of obesity continues. Once their habits in nutrition and physical activity in childhood is wrong and make them having too much weight then it remain until the end of life. 

Obesity and the unwanted increase in body weight, which occurs when people eat more than expended through physical activity. Fat people have an increased risk of illness from many diseases, such as insulin independent diabetes (type 2), cardiovascular disease, elevated blood pressure, type and some types of cancer (endometrium, ovaries, breast, cervix, prostate, bags pancreas, liver and kidney), and have psycho-social problems. The main parameter of obesity is a BMI (body mass index). BMI is body weight expressed in kilograms divided height in meters Squares. For adults, normal weight, BMI range of 18-24.9, BMI of 25 or more is considered to be excessively physical weight, the value of BMI of 25-29.9 is having too much weight state, a BMI 30 and more obesity. Excessive weight causes a million deaths each year in the region. 
Obesity costs society more and more money every day.
More than 6% of the total costs for health in the European region World  health organization created for adult obesity. In addition, there are indirect costs due to loss of life. In Spain, for example, the total cost is prescribed obesity is estimated at 2.5 billion € a year. Data from the United States showed that the annual consumption from the health budget to 36% higher than those who have a BMI within the normal nourishment. Fat people also often give up from work due to poor health. Finally, the company is burdened successful and poor children in school and obese discrimination at work. 

In most countries in the region, obesity is frequent in vulnerable communities that have lower incomes, lower education and poor access to health care. This suggests that obesity is held and aggravates inequality and this creates a vicious circle. All those who are in a vulnerable position are faced with structural, social, organizational, financial and other constraints to make healthy choices in ways related to diet and physical activity. In France, for example, 100 calorie fruits and vegetables contain about five times more healthy  matter, but also five times more expensive compared to the same amount of (energy equivalent) other types of food. Low income and living in areas that are not sponsors to the sport and make people less engaged in sports and fitness. At the national level, research shows that poorer countries to develop quickly faced with rapid growth of obesity, while the largest number of obese luck in rich countries with big differences between rich and poor. 
The causes of epidemic obesity are complex 
The structure of modern society, social and economic policy and development (more people live in cities, travel car, sitting in front of computers at work, buy processed / refined food and drink) are described as an ideal environment for the development of obesity and encouraging factors for the increase in risk for the development of obesity. Two-thirds of the population in the European region live in cities and their number is progressively increasing. Therefore, it is not good and smart to blame only individuals who suffer from excessive body weight or obesity. 

In recent decades, the food habits of people change significantly. Globally, the amount of food that is available to increase the time. On average, women should be consumed 2,000 calories daily to maintain your weight, and men 2,500 calories. In 1961. , the daily allowance of calories was 2,300 to be increased to 2,800 in 1998. year and will probably exceed 3000 calories to 2015. year. Also, food prices have fallen over time - price rice, wheat, corn and sugar has dropped to 60% between 1960 and 2000. year. At the beginning of the 20th century, people experiences less than 5Kg sugar per year. In Europe, consumption of sugar has increased even in the 40-60 kg. At the same time, people do not eat fruits and vegetables. Recently, the World Health Organization study in the European region shows that only 30% of boys and 37% of girls 13-15 years eat fruit every day. People generally eat more, because of the greater amount of food available. 

In Western Europe, at least 2 / 3 of adults are not physically active and the number continues to grow. World Health Organization recommends that adults engage in at least 30 minutes of daily physical activity such as walking, cycling, performing household tasks, gardening, dancing and climbing stairs with. Children should be dealing with at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day. Environment in which people live and work often act on their desire for physical activity. Even 50% of car trips in Europe is related to the distance less than 5 km, the bike can go for 15-20 minutes or fast walking for 30-50 minutes. Finally, recent research in Denmark and the UK have shown that regular and moderate physical activity can extend human life for 3-5 years. 

The essence of strategy in the fight against the epidemic of obesity is to encourage a healthy way of nutrition through reduced input fat and sugar and increase consumption of fruit and vegetables in the diet, and on the other hand affects the increase in the level of physical activity. Healthy food and drinks should be cheaper, and thus the availability in stores and at workplaces and school mess. Healthy food and drinks should be the most widely promoted in society as opposed to unhealthy food and drinks. Physical activity in everyday life should be accessible and available throughout the population through various programs in school and in the workplace. Of vital importance to this action include all segments of the population and is supported by the local community, to the national level and the international community. Changing human behavior in ways related to food requires the active participation of the private sector (the manufacturer of food to the owner of the supermarket), various government ministries (agriculture, health, sports, shopping) to local authorities. Media should have one of the most influential role in promoting a healthy lifestyle. Encouraging people to eat balanced meals and to engage in physical activity result in numerous benefits not only in the field of health, but also in the field of economy and development. 

In 2004. member World Health Organization adopted a global strategy for diet, physical activity and health, improving public health through healthy eating and physical activity. Relevant role in the choice of ways to improve the nutrition and physical activity should have the whole health system , economic and tax policy, survey and monitoring systems, consumer education and communication (including marketing and labeling of food), education, transport and urban policy. European region in the first plan put development and possibilities of dialogue between politicians, health experts, the private sector, non-governmental and international organizations and the media.